Bhutan

Bhutan is geographically located in the heart of Eastern Himalaya which stretches from Nepal in the West till North-East India in the East.

Biologically, Bhutan has been considered as a biodiversity hotspot.

Bhutan has remained independent throughout majority of its History and the credit goes to the geographical terrains that isolated Bhutan from rest of the world.

The infested thick rain forests in the South and high snow-clad mountains in the North made it difficult for the outsiders to penetrate and enter into Bhutan.

Though several invasions particularly, by the Tibetans tried to invade Bhutan several times; Bhutan with its wit and courage encountered them with marginal victory. Thus, the country has continuously and successfully defended its sovereignty throughout history.

 

Bhutan has a total population of little more than seven hundred thousand with its land mass of 38,394 sq. km.

Bhutanese predominantly practices Buddhism as its state religion. As a result we will find so many temples, monasteries and Dzongs(Fortress) which are strategically located on the cliffs and between the confluent of two rivers such as Punakha Dzong.

The country measures its development in the paradigm of Gross National Happiness (GNH) instead of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) or Gross National Product (GNP).

This profound philosophy was first propounded by our visionary leader Fourth King: His Majesty Jigme SingyeWangchuck in 1970s. Perhaps inspired by age-old wisdom in the ancient Kingdom of Bhutan, His Majesty concluded that GDP was neither an equitable nor a meaningful measurement for human happiness, nor should it be the primary focus for governance. Since that time this pioneering vision of GNH has guided Bhutan’s development and policy formation.

Unique among the community of nations, it is a balanced ‘middle path’ in which equitable socio-economic development is integrated with environmental conservation, cultural promotion and good governance.

Also, unique amongst all countries in the region is, its Tourism Policy where it is mentioned as high value and low volume tourism policy based on the principle of sustainability and environmental friendly.

The Government has also been making its concerted effort towards achieving this objective of developing Bhutan as a tourist destination. As a result, Bhutan has maintained its environment intact over the decades and has a high potential to offer high-end destinations to the tourists.

National Dress

One of the distinctive features of Bhutanese people is their national dress called Gho for male and Kira for women.

The gho is a long robe hoisted to the knee and held in place with a kera, a woven cloth belt, wound tightly around the waist.

Similarly, the kira is a floor-length rectangular piece of cloth wrapped around the body over a blouse called wonju.

The kira is held from the shoulders by broach-like hooks called koma and is fastened at the waist with a kera. The dress is complete with a short, open jacket-like garment called toego.

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